It’s Sunday 15th December and Cop25 has just finished.
It was the longest climate talks in history, eclipsing the 2011 Durban meeting by lasting 44 hours beyond the scheduled closing time.
The Durban talks produced a deal between countries that laid the foundations for the Paris Agreement. Madrid produced a weak gesture toward raising climate targets and failed to agree for the second year in a row on rules to govern carbon markets.
Chloé Farand reports on how the forces that are tearing the ties between nations dominated the summit. More on this below…
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At Cop25, a few nations – Brazil, the US, Saudi Arabia and Australia in particular – were emboldened as never before to stand against the world and nakedly try to weaken efforts to tackle climate change to benefit their short term interests.
Call this, if you like, the Trump effect. The US president has blown apart the assumption that opprobrium from fellows will foment a race to the top on climate.
On the flip side, a far larger number of governments held firm; preferring to see no deal, than what they viewed as a bad deal. Call that the Greta effect. Certainly more leaders than ever feel their electoral futures are tied directly to their efforts on climate change.
Regardless of what happens to individual governments in the coming months and years, polarisation is the future of climate politics. Even as the impacts of climate change rain down harder, making citizens’ demands grow more potent, resistance from those who see action, not warming, as their existential threat will grow more desperate.
Resolution will be difficult to find. It’s hard to see how consensus politics will work any better at Cop26 in Glasgow than Cop25 in Madrid. Perhaps a change in presidency will help.
But the main item for next year does not require consensus: the raising of national voluntary climate targets. Bilateral deals – especially between the EU and China – could power the formation of a vanguard. With proper commitments on finance, developing countries could aid this push.
Perhaps the reason the Trump effect has been so powerful is because the contrast between the US and those who would be leaders has not been stark enough. If you want to create pariahs, you have to have a community.
Thanks to the tireless Chloé, Jill and Jocelyn for their work over the last two weeks and thank you to you for reading all of our coverage!
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Below is a list of some of the top stories we’ve published in the last two weeks.
- Carbon markets will not help stop climate change
- Australia and Brazil carbon credits will put 1.5C out of reach, 31 countries say
- US seeking further block on compensation for climate damage
- The UN climate talks can tackle fossil fuels head-on: here’s how
- Carbon offsets have patchy human rights record. Now UN talks erode safeguards
- Irresistible Greta Thunberg meets immovable UN climate talks
- One of the world’s biggest emitters is trying to fly under the radar at Cop25
- We really may have just 11 years to save the climate
- In a climate emergency, there must be compensation for victims
- What is Article 6? The issue climate negotiators cannot agree
- Loss and damage: Who pays for the impacts of the heated Earth?
- ‘Common timeframes’: How they could speed or slow climate action