Climate Weekly: All eyes on Brazil

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A pro-Bolsonaro demonstration in London (Pic: Flickr/R4vi)

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If you care at all about forests, indigenous rights or the climate, you will be watching Brazil anxiously this Sunday.

It is the presidential election runoff between Jair Bolsonaro and Fernando Haddad. The first plans to gut forest protections and open the Amazon to exploitation. The second is promising to install half a million solar rooftops a year.

Bolsonaro has a strong lead in opinion polls, narrowing slightly in the past week. On Thursday, he walked back a threat to pull Brazil out of the Paris Agreement. But fears remain over the impact of his environmental policies on the world’s biggest rainforest.

Campaign group Fern urged the EU to use its trade clout to safeguard the forest in the production of soy, beef and other export commodities.

We are the only international news site with a correspondent in the heart of the Amazon. Read Fabiano Maisonnave’s great reporting here. Help us to hold the new administration to account with a monthly donation through Patreon.

Coal finance

The Asian Development Bank did not ban lending to new coal power stations, it just became uncompetitive. Factoring in a shadow carbon price of $36 a tonne, that is.

Energy chief Yongping Zhai revealed the bank had not approved a coal power project since 2013, declaring: “Clean energy will power Asia’s future.”

Kosovo, on the other hand, is not giving up on its flagship coal plan. After the World Bank finally ruled out support for Kosovo e Re, the government turned to the US, Karl Mathiesen reports.

GCF rallies

The Green Climate Fund bounced back from its catastrophic July board meeting to approve $1 billion worth of projects and a process for raising new contributions.

However, the US vetoed China’s first project bid to the flagship fund, which can only fuel the fight over climate finance at December’s UN climate summit in Katowice.

Slow steaming

The International Maritime Organization has set a long-term climate goal for the shipping sector, but many countries are in no rush to get started.

An action plan was watered down this week, Natalie Sauer writes, to avoid committing to taking any decisions on new carbon-cutting measures before 2023.

Potential measures include speed limits at sea, or “slow steaming”. These could deliver immediate fuel savings, but opponents raise concerns about the economic impacts on trade.

EU regression

Brexit and Germany’s “wobble” are shifting the balance of EU climate policy in a less progressive direction, reports Sara Stefanini from Brussels.

Meanwhile UK minister Claire Perry is playing down the risk of disruption to energy trade when Britain leaves the EU.

Quote of the week

“African scientists lack funding, capacity, technology, human resource to undertake and monitor front line research and publish their findings… It’s leaving huge data gaps” – Zimbabwean scientist Brad Garanganga talks to Sophie Mbugua about a lack of African representation in UN climate science reports

Time capsule

30 years ago this week, Malta became the first country to raise climate change as a dedicated agenda item at the UN General Assembly.

A dozen countries shared its concern about global warming, the transcript shows with no dissenting voices regarding the science. There was little sign of how politically fraught the subject would continue to be three decades later.

Read more on: Climate Politics