Mark talks about his book Climate Smart and Energy Wise, which helps teachers weave climate and energy into the school curriculum. His biggest concern when it comes to conferences such as COP is that they are often productive in the time but are lacking in meaningful follow up. He cites a recent conference in Denmark on climate education as having similar symptoms. Finally, he discusses the confusing and unclear way in which climate change is taught within the American education system and advocates the use of the ECO-system model standing for Education, Communication and Outreach. He believes understanding the differences between these finding a scientific way to utilise these different approaches is needed.